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Chinese Journal of Space Science ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 84-94.doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.01.084

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40 Years of Space Astronomy in China

WU Bobing1, MA Yuqian1, ZHANG Shuangnan1, CHANG Jin2   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049;
    2 Key Laboratory of Dark Matter and Space Astronomy, Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210023
  • Received:2020-09-30 Online:2021-01-15 Published:2021-02-07

Abstract: In the past 40 years, China's space astronomy has achieved tremendous development. Especially in the past 10 years, several astronomical satellites have been launched, and several astronomical satellites will be launched in the next few years. In this paper, firstly the history of international space astronomy is briefly reviewed, then the development of space astronomy in China over the past 40 years is reviewed and summarized, including the first astronomical satellite plan in the 1970s, balloon-borne space astronomical exploration, space astronomy experiments based on Chinese manned space program and astronomical satellites. China's space astronomy missions are also briefly introduced, and space astronomy in China in the next 10 years is prospected.

Key words: Space astronomy, Astronomy satellite

CLC Number: