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Chinese Journal of Space Science ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 245-266.doi: 10.11728/cjss2016.03.245

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Overview of the Solar Polar Orbit Telescope Project for Space Weather Mission

XIONG Ming1, LIU Ying1, LIU Hao1, LI Baoquan1, ZHENG Jianhua1, ZHANG Cheng1, XIA Lidong2, ZHANG Hongxin3, RAO Wei4, CHEN Changya5, SUN Weiying1, WU Xia1, DENG Yuanyong6, HE Han6, JIANG Bo7, WANG Yuming8, WANG Chuanbing8, SHEN Chenglong8, ZHANG Haiying9, ZHANG Shenyi1, YANG Xuan1, SANG Peng1, WU Ji1   

  1. 1 National Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190;
    2 Center for Space Weather Sciences, Shandong University at Weihai, Weihai 264200;
    3 Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130033;
    4 Beijing Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering, China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, Beijing 100094;
    5 Shanghai Institute of Satellite Engineering, China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, Shanghai 200030;
    6 National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012;
    7 Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an 710119;
    8 School of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026;
    9 Nanjing Institute of Astronomical Optics and Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210042
  • Received:2016-02-21 Online:2016-05-15 Published:2016-06-06
  • Supported by:

    Supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program on Space Science (XDA04060801,XDA04060802,XDA04060803,XDA04060804) of Chinese Academy of Sciences,the Specialized Research Fund for State Key Laboratory of China,the Chinese National Science Foundation (41374175,41204129),and the CAS/SAFEA international Partnership Program for Creative Research Teams

Abstract:

The Solar Polar ORbit Telescope (SPORT) project for space weather mission has been under intensive scientific and engineering background studies since it was incorporated into the Chinese Space Science Strategic Pioneer Project in 2011.SPORT is designed to carry a suite of remote-sensing and in-situ instruments to observe Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs),energetic particles,solar high-latitude magnetism,and the fast solar wind from a polar orbit around the Sun. The first extended view of the polar regions of the Sun and the ecliptic enabled by SPORT will provide a unique opportunity to study CME propagation through the inner heliosphere,and the solar high-latitude magnetism giving rise to eruptions and the fast solar wind.Coordinated observations between SPORT and other spaceborne/ground-based facilities within the International Living With a Star (ILWS) framework can significantly enhance scientific output.SPORT is now competing for official selection and implementation during China's 13th Five-Year Plan period of 2016-2020.

Key words: Space weather, Coronal mass ejection, Solar magnetism, Solar wind, Solar energetic particle

CLC Number: