留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

日球层内外能量中性原子的探测

谢克强

谢克强. 日球层内外能量中性原子的探测[J]. 空间科学学报, 2015, 35(3): 253-292. doi: 10.11728/cjss2015.03.253
引用本文: 谢克强. 日球层内外能量中性原子的探测[J]. 空间科学学报, 2015, 35(3): 253-292. doi: 10.11728/cjss2015.03.253
K C Hsieh. Detecting Energetic Neutral Atoms in and out of the Heliosphere[J]. Journal of Space Science, 2015, 35(3): 253-292. doi: 10.11728/cjss2015.03.253
Citation: K C Hsieh. Detecting Energetic Neutral Atoms in and out of the Heliosphere[J]. Journal of Space Science, 2015, 35(3): 253-292. doi: 10.11728/cjss2015.03.253

日球层内外能量中性原子的探测

doi: 10.11728/cjss2015.03.253
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: P35

Detecting Energetic Neutral Atoms in and out of the Heliosphere

  • 摘要: 能量中性原子(Energetic Neutral Atoms, ENA, 简称能原子)是指在日球层内外空间, 拥有>0.1keV动能的原子.在此空间领域并没有温度>106K的中性气体, 但却充满动能>0.1keV的正离子.因此能原子A应该是A+离子与原地稀薄气体B原子或分子交换电荷所产生的, 即A++BA+B+. 电荷交换涉及极小的动能变化, 新生的能原子A和离子B+基本上各自保持原有动能. 离子B+随即被当地磁场俘获, 能原子A则脱离磁场约束并携带其原属离子群的成分和能量信息而直线运动, 成为遥测空间等离子体的有效媒介. 美国人造卫星 IBEX (Interstellar Boundary Explorer) 直接探测得到来自日球层以外星际空间的能原子, 大幅延伸了利用能原子遥测空间等离子体的领域. 本文据此论述了空间能原子的发现, 综述了探测空间能原子的基本概念与实例、取得的主要成果、仪器设计和研制进展以及未来空间利用能原子遥测的发展趋势.

     

  • [1] Wang L, Lin R P, Larson D E, Luhmann J G. Domination of heliosheath pressure by shock-accelerated pickup ions from observation of neutral atoms[J]. Nature, 2008, 454:81
    [2] McComas D J, Alegrini F, Bochsler P, et al. Global observations of the interstellar interaction from the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX)[J]. Science, 2009, 326:959-962
    [3] Fuselier S A, Allegrini F, Funsten H O, et al. Width and variation of the ENA flux ribbon observed by the Interstellar Boundary Explorer[J]. Science, 2009, 326:962-964
    [4] Funsten H O, Allegrini F, Crew G B, et al. Structures and spectral variations ofthe outer heliosphere in IBEX energetic neutral atom maps[J]. Science, 2009, 326:964-966
    [5] Schwadron N A, Bzowski M, Crew G B, et al. Comparison of Interstellar Boundary Explorer observations with 3D global heliospheric models[J]. Science, 2009, 326:966-968
    [6] Möbius E, Bochsler P, Bzowski M, et al. Direct observations of interstellar H, He, and O by the Interstellar Boundary Explorer[J]. Science, 2009, 326:969-971
    [7] Krimigis S M, Mitchell D G, Roelof E C, et al. Imaging the intersection of the heliosphere with the interstellar medium from Saturn with Cassini[J]. Science, 2009, 326:971-973
    [8] McComasD J, Funsten H O, Fuselier S A, et al. IBEX observations of heliospheric energetic neutral atoms: current understanding and future direction[J]. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011, 38:L18101-L18109
    [9] Gurnett D A, Persoon A M, Randall R F, et al. The POLAR plasma wave instrument[J]. Space Sci. Rev., 1995, 71:597-622
    [10] Gurnett D A, Kurt W S. Electron plasma oscillations upstream of the solar wind termination shock[J]. Science, 2005, 309:2025-2027
    [11] Reinisch B W, Haines D M, Bibl K, et al. The radar plasma imager investigation on the IMAGE spacecraft[J]. Space Sci. Rev., 2000, 91:319-359
    [12] Green J L, Reinisch B W. An overview of results from RPI on IMAGE[J]. Space Sci. Rev., 2003, 109:183-210
    [13] Dessler A J. Solar wind and interplanetary magnetic field[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 1967, 5(1):1-41
    [14] Davis Jr. L. Interplanetary magnetic fields and cosmic rays[J]. Phys. Rev. Lett., 1955, 100:1440-1444
    [15] Parker E N. Interplanetary Dynamical Processes[M]. New York: Interscience Publishers, John Wiley & Sons, 1963
    [16] Axford W I. The interaction of the solar wind and the interstellar medium[C]//Proceedings of Asilomar Conference. Pacific Grove, CA:NASA, 1971:609-660
    [17] Jokipii J R. A shock for Voyager 2[J]. Nature, 2008, 454:38-39
    [18] Patterson T N L, Johnson F S, Hanson W B. The distribution of interplanetary hydrogen[J]. Planet. Space Sci., 1963, 11:767
    [19] Bertaux J L, Blamont J E. Observation of Lyman-α emission in interplanetary space[C]//Proceedings of Asilomar Conference. Pacific Grove, CA: NASA, 1971:661-667
    [20] Thomas G E. Properties of nearby interstellar hydrogen deduced from Lyman-αsky background measurements[C]//Proceedings of Asilomar Conference. Pacific Grove, CA: NASA, 1971:668-683
    [21] Weller C S, Meier R R. Observation of helium in the interplanetary/interstellar wind: The solar-wake effect[J]. Astrophys. J., 1974, 193:471-476
    [22] Lallement R, Bertaux J L, Dalaudier F. Interplanetary Lyman-αspectral profiles and intensities for both repulsive and attractive solar force fields: Predicted absorption pattern by a hydrogen cell[J]. Astron. Astrophys., 1985, 150:21-32
    [23] Ajello J M, Stewart A L, Thomas G E, Graps A.Solar cycle study of interplanetary Lyman-α variations: Pioneer Venue orbiter sky background results[J]. Astrophys. J., 1987, 317:964-986
    [24] Lallement R. Relationship between ISM inside and outside the heliosphere[J]. Adv. Space Sci., 1993, 13(6):361-374
    [25] Frisch P C, LISM structure - Fragmented superbubble shell?[J]. Adv. Space Sci., 1993, 13(6):213-222
    [26] Witte M, Rosenbauer H, Banaszkiewicz M, Fahr H. The ULYSSES Neutral Gas Experiment: determination of the velocity and temperature of the interstellar helium[J]. Adv. Space Sci., 1993, 13(6):121-130
    [27] Witte M, Banaszkiewicz M, Rosenbauer H. Recent results on the parameters of the interstellar helium from the ULYSSES/GAS experiment[J]. Space Sci. Rev., 1996, 78(1/2):289-296
    [28] Geiss J, Witte M. Properties of the interstellar gas in the heliosphere[J]. Space Sci. Rev., 1996, 78(1/2):229
    [29] Witte M. Kinetic parameters of interstellar neutral helium review of results obtained during one solar cycle with the Ulysses/GAS-instrument[J]. Astron. Astrophys., 2004, 426:835-844
    [30] Vasyliunas V M, Siscoe G L. On the flux and the energy spectrum of interstellar ions in the solar system[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 1976, 81:1247
    [31] Möbius E, Hovestadt D, Klecker B, et al. Direct observation of He+ pick-up ions of interstellar origin in the solar wind[J]. Nature, 1985, 318:426-429
    [32] Gloeckler G, Geiss J, BalsigerH, et al. Detection of interstellar pick-up hydrogen in the solar system[J]. Science, 1993, 261:70
    [33] Kallenbach R, Geiss J, Gloeckler G, Steiger Von R. Pickup ion measurements in the heliosphere-A review[J]. Astrophys. Space Sci., 2000, 274:97
    [34] Gloeckler G, Möbius E, Geiss J, et al.Coordinated observation of local interstellar helium in the heliosphere: Observations of the helium focusing cone with pickup ions[J]. Astron. Astrophys., 2004, 426: 845-854
    [35] Gloeckler G, Geiss J. Composition of the local interstellar medium as diagnosed with pickup ions[J]. Adv. Space Res., 2004, 34(1):53-60
    [36] Bzowski M, Sokôt J M, Tokumaru M, et al. Solar parameters for modeling interplanetary background[R]//Cross-calibration of Past and Present Far UV Spectra of Solar System Objects and the Heliosphere. New York: Springer, 2013:67-138
    [37] Gruntman M. Elastic collisions of interstellar helium atoms with solar wind protons[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 2013, 118:1-13
    [38] Scherer K, Fichter H, Marsch E. Anomalous cosmic rays[M]//The Outer Heliosphere: Beyond the Planets. Katlenburg-Lindau: Corpernicus Gesellschaft, 2000:191-216
    [39] Gruntman M. Energetic neutral atom imaging of space plasmas[J]. Rev. Sci. Instrum., 1997, 68(10):3617-3656
    [40] Meinel A B. Doppler shifted auroral hydrogen emission[J]. Astrophys. J., 1951, 113:50-54
    [41] Meinel A B, Fan C Y. Laboratory reproduction of auroral emission by proton bombardment[J]. Astrophys. J., 1952, 115:330-331
    [42] Fan C Y, Meinel A B. Laboratory ionic-impact emission spectra[J]. Astrophys. J., 1953, 118:205-213
    [43] Fan C Y, Schulte D H.Variations in the auroral spectrum[J]. Astrophys. J., 1954, 120:563-565
    [44] Bernstein W, Inouye G T, Sanders N L, Wax R L. Measurements of precipitated 1~20keV protons and electrons during a breakup aurora[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 1969, 74(14):3601-3608
    [45] Allison S K. Experimental results on charge-changing collisions of hydrogen atoms and ions at kinetic energies above 0.2keV[J]. Rev. Mod. Phys., 1958, 30(4):1137-1168
    [46] Chamberlain J W. Physics of Aurora and Airglow[M]. New York: Academic Press, 1961
    [47] Evans D S. Low energy charged particle detection using the continuous channel electron multiplier[J]. Rev. Sci. Instr., 1965, 36(3):375-382
    [48] Wax R L, Simpson W R, Bernstein W. Large fluxes of 1~4keV atomic hydrogen at 800km[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 1970, 75(31):6390-6393
    [49] Wax R L, Bernstein W. Energy-independent detector for total hydrogen fluxes in the range 1~10keV for space and laboratory applications[J]. Rev. Sci. Instr., 1967, 38(11):1612-1615
    [50] Bernstein W, Wax R L, Sanders N L, Inouye G T. An energy spectrometer for energetic (1~25keV) neutral hydrogen atoms[C]//Small Rocket Instrument Technology, Proceedings of COSPAR Symposium. Amsterdam, North-Holland: COSPAR, 1969
    [51] Moritz J. Energetic protons at low equatorial altitude: A newly discovered radiation belt phenomenon and its explanation[J]. Z. Geophys., 1972, 38:701
    [52] Hovstadt D, Häusler B, Scholer M. Observation of energetic particles at very low altitudes near the geomagnetic equator[J]. Phys. Rev. Lett., 1972, 28(20): 1340-1344
    [53] Mizera P F, Blake J B. Observation of ring current protons at low altitudes[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 1973, 78(7):1058-1062
    [54] Stuart G W. Satellite-measured radiation[J]. Phys. Rev. Lett., 1959, 2:417-418
    [55] Dessler A J, Parker E N. Hydromagnetic theory of geomagnetic storms[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 1959, 64(12):2230-2252
    [56] Tinsley B A. Neutral atom precipitation -A review[J]. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 1981, 43(5/6):617-632
    [57] Roelof E C, Mitchell D G, Williams D J. Energetic neutral atoms (E~50keV) from the ring current: IMP 7/8 and ISEE 1[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 1985, 90(11):10991-11008
    [58] Roelof E C. Energetic neutral atom image of a storm-time ring current[J]. Geophys. Res. Lett., 1987, 14(6):652-655
    [59] Sullivan J D. Geometrical factor of directional response of single and multi-element particle telescopes[J]. Nucl. Instr. Meth., 1971, 95:5-11
    [60] Barnett C F, Hunter H T, Kirkpatrick M I, et al. Collisions of H, H2, He and Li atoms and ions with atoms and molecules[R]//Atomic Data for Fusion, ORNL-6086-VI. Oak Ridge, Tennessee: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1990
    [61] Lindsay B G, Stebbings R F.Charge transfer cross sections for energetic neutral atom data analysis[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 2005, 110:A12213, doi: 10.1029/2005JA011298
    [62] Hu W, Fang D, Wang Y, Yang F. Electron-impact-ionization cross section for the hydrogen atom[J]. Phys. Rev. A., 1994, 49(2):989-991
    [63] Palenius H P, Kohl J L, Parkinson W H.Absolute measurement of the photoionization cross section of atomic hydrogen with a shock tube for the extreme ultraviolet[J]. Phys. Rev. A, 1976, 13(5):1805-1816
    [64] Yan M, Sadeghpour R, Dalgarno A.Photoionization cross sections of He and H2[J]. Astrophys. J., 1998, 496:1044-1050
    [65] Zoennchen J H, Nass U, Lay G, FahrH J. 3-D-geocoronal hydrogen density derived from TWINS Ly-α-data[J]. Ann. Geophys., 2010, 28:1221-1228
    [66] McComas D J, Dayeh M A, Allegrini F, et al. The first three years of IBEX observations and our evolving heliosphere[J]. Astrophys. J.Supp., 2012, 203:1-36
    [67] Mitchell D G, Hsieh K C, Curtis C C, et al. Imaging of the Earth's ring current in energetic neutral atoms[J]. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2001, 28(6):1151- 1154
    [68] Burch JL. Magnetospheric Imaging-The IMAGE Prime Mission[M]. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003
    [69] Kirsch E, Krimigis S M, Kohl J W, Keath E P. Upper limits for X-ray and energetic neutral particle emission from Jupiter: Voyager 1 results[J]. Geophys. Res. Lett., 1981, 8:169
    [70] Kirsch E, Krimigis S M, Ip WH, Gloeckler G. X-ray and energetic neutral particle emission from Saturn's magnetosphere[J]. Nature, 1981, 292:718-721
    [71] Cheng A F. Energetic particles from Jupiter and Saturn[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 1986, 9:4524-4530
    [72] Hsieh K C, Curtis C C. A model for the spatial and energy distributions of energetic neutral atoms produced within the Saturn/Titan plasma[J]. Geophys. Res. Lett., 1988, 15(8):772-775
    [73] Acuãn M H, Connerney J E P, Ness N F. The ZS zonal harmonic model of Saturn's magnetic field: analysis and implications[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 1983, 88(A11):8771-8789
    [74] Armstrong T P, Paonessa M T,BellII E V, Krimigis S M. Voyager observations of Saturnian ion and electron phase space densities[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 1983, 88(A11):8893-8904
    [75] Hilton D A, Hunten D M. A partial collisional model of the Titan hydrogen torus[J]. Icaurus, 1988, 73:248-268
    [76] Krimigis S M, Mitchell D G, Hamilton D C, et al. Magnetosphere Imaging Instrument (MIMI) on the Cassini Mission to Saturn/Titan[J]. Space Sci. Rev., 2004, 114:233-329
    [77] Krimigis S M, MitchellDG, Hamilton DC, et al. Dynamics of Saturn's Magnetosphere from MIMI during Cassini's orbital insertion[J]. Science, 2005, 307(5713):1271-1273
    [78] Lundin R, Barabash S, Andersson H, et al. Solar wind-induced atmospheric erosion at Mars: first results from ASPERA-3 on Mars Express[J]. Science, 2004, 305:1933-1936
    [79] Mura A, Orsini S, Milillo A, et al. ENA detection in the dayside of Mars: ASPERA-3 NPD statistical study[J]. Planet. Space Sci., 2008, 56(6):840-845
    [80] Galli A, Wurz P, Bochsler P, et al. First observation of energetic neutral atoms in the Venus environment[J]. Planet. Space Sci., 2008, 56(6):807-811
    [81] Galli A, Fok M C, Wurz P, et al. Tailward flow of energetic neutral atoms observed at Venus[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 2008, 113, E00B15doi: 10.1029/2008JE003096
    [82] Yoshifumi F, Chaufray J Y, Smith H T, et al. Exospheres and energetic neutral atoms of Mars, Venus and Titan[J]. Space Sci. Rev., 2011, 162(1-4):213-266
    [83] Fahr H J.Influence of interstellar matter on the density of atmospheric hydrogen[J]. Ann. Geo-phys., 1969, 25:475
    [84] Blum P W, Fahr H J. Interaction between interstellar hydrogen and the solar wind[J]. Astron. Astrophys., 1970, 4:280
    [85] Baranov V B, Krasnobaev K V. Gidrodinamicheskaya Teoriya Kosmicheskoj Plazmy[M]. Nauka, Moskva, 1977 (in Russian)
    [86] Holzer T E. Neutral hydrogen in interplanetary space[J]. Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 1977, 15:467-490
    [87] Thomas G E. The interstellar wind and is influence on the interplanetary environment[J]. Ann. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 1978, 6:173
    [88] Holzer T E. Interaction between the solar wind and the interstellar medium[J]. Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys., 1989, 27:199-234
    [89] Suess S T. The heliopause[J]. Rev. Geophys., 1990, 28(1):97-115
    [90] Baranov V B. Gas dynamics of the solar wind interaction with the interstellar medium[J]. Space Sci. Rev., 1990, 52:90-120
    [91] Grzedzielski, S, Page D E. COSPAR Colloquia Series Volume 1-Physics of the Outer Heliosphere[M]. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1990
    [92] Hsieh K C, Shih K L, Jokipii J R, Grzedzielski S. Probing the heliosphere with energetic hydrogen atoms[J]. Astrophys. J., 1992, 393:756-763
    [93] Hsieh K C, Shih K L, Jokipii J R, Gruntman M A. Sensing the solar-wind termination shock from the Earth's orbit[C]//Proceedings of the Third COSPAR Symposium. New York: Pergamon, 1992:365-368
    [94] Hsieh K C, Curtis C C, Fan C Y, Gruntman M A. Techniques for the remote sensing of space plasma in the heliosphere via energetic neutral atoms: A review[C]//Proceedings of the Third COSPAR Symposium. New York: Pergamon, 1992:357-364
    [95] Hsieh K C, Gruntman M A. Viewing the outer heliosphere in energetic neutral atoms[J]. Adv. Space Res., 1993, 33(6):131-139
    [96] Hovestadt D, Hilchenbach M, Bürgi A, et al. CELIAS - Charge, Element and Isotope Analysis System for SOHO[J]. Solar Physics, 1995, 162:441-481
    [97] Hilchenbach M, Hsieh K C, Hovestadt D, et al. Detection of 55~80keV hydrogen atoms of heliospheric origin by CELIAS/HSTOF on SOHO[J]. Astrophys. J., 1998, 503(2):916-922
    [98] Hilchenbach M, Hsieh K C, Hovestadt D, Kallenbach R, Czechowski A, Möbius E, Bochsler P. Energetic neutral hydrogen of heliospheric origin observed with SOHO/CELLIAS at 1AU[C]//Proceedings of COSPAR Colloquium. Amsterdam: Pergamon, 2001:273-276
    [99] Hilchenbach M, Czechowski A, Hsieh K C, Kallenbach R. Observations of energetic neutral atoms and their implications on modeling the heliosheath[J]. AIP Conf. Proc., 2006, 858:276-281
    [100] Czechowski A, Fichtner H, Grzedzielski S, et al. Anomalous cosmic rays and generation of energetic neutrals in the region beyond the terminations shock[J]. Astron. & Astrophys., 2001, 368:622-634
    [101] KótaJ, Hsieh K C, Jokipii J R, et al. Viewing co-rotating interaction regions globally using energetic neutral atoms[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 2001, 106:24907-24914
    [102] Fan C Y, Gloeckler G, Simpson J A. Proton and helium nuclei within interplanetary regions which corotate with the Sun[J]. Proc. Int. Conf. Cosm. Ray,1965, 1:109
    [103] Tsurutani B T, Smith E J, Pyle K R, Simpson J A. Energetic protons accelerated at corotating shocks from 1 to 6AU[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 1982, 87:7389
    [104] Smith E J. Interplanetary shock phenomena beyond 1AU[R]//Collisionless Shocks in the Heliosphere: Reviews and Current Research. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union, 1985:69-83
    [105] Gosling J T, Bame S J, McComasD J, et al. Latitudinal variation of solar wind corotating interaction stream regions: Ulysses[J]. Geophys. Res. Lett., 1993, 20:2789
    [106] Mason G M, Sanderson T R. CIR-associated energetic particles in the inner and middle heliosphere[J]. Space Sci. Rev., 1999, 98:11
    [107] Keppler E. The acceleration of charged particles in corotating interaction regions (CIR)-A review with particular emphasis on the Ulysses mission[J]. Surv. in Geophys., 1998, 19:221
    [108] Möbius1 E, Bzowski M, Chalov S, et al. Coordinated observation of local interstellar helium in the heliosphere: Synopsis of the interstellar He parameters from combined neutral gas, pickup ion and UV scattering observations and related consequences[J]. Astron. Astrophys., 2004, 426: 879-907
    [109] Hsieh K C, Giacalone J, Czechowski A, et al. Thickness of the heliosheath, return of the pick-up ions, and Voyager 1's crossing the heliopause[J]. Astrophys. J. Lett., 2010, 718:L185-L188
    [110] Czechowski A, Hilchenbach M, Hsieh K C, et al. Estimating the thickness of the heliosheath form CELIAS/HSTOF and Voyager 1 data[J]. Astrophys. J. Lett., 2006, 647(1):L69-L72
    [111] Czechowski A, Hilchenbach M, Hsieh K C, et al. Imaging the heliosphere using HSTOF energetic neutral atoms and Voyager 1 ion data[J]. Astron. & Astrophys., 2008, 487:329-335
    [112] Stone E C, CummingsA C, McDonald F B, et al. Voyager 1 observes low-energy galactic cosmic rays in a region depleted of heliospheric ions[J]. Science, 2013, 341(6142):150-152
    [113] Bzowski M, Möbius E, Tarnopolski S, et al. Neutral H Density at the Termination Shock: A Consolidation of Recent Results[J]. Space Sci. Rev., 2009, 143:177-190
    [114] McComas D J, Zank G P, Schwadron N A. Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX)[M]. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2009
    [115] Fuselier S A, Funsten H O, Heirtzler D, et al. Energetic neutral atoms from the Earth's sub-solar magnetosphere[J]. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2010, 37:L13101-L13105
    [116] Petrinec S M, Dayeh M A, Funsten H O, et al. Neutral atom imaging of the magnetospheric cusps[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 2011, 116:A07203-A07210
    [117] McComas D J, Dayeh M A, Funsten H O, et al. First IBEX observations of the terrestrial plasma sheet and a possible disconnection event. J. Geophys. Res., 2011, 116: A02211-02217
    [118] McComas D J,Allegrini F, Bochsler P, et al. Lunar backscatter and neutralization of the solar wind: first observations of neutral atoms from the Moon[J]. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2009, 376:L12104-L12107
    [119] McComas D J. Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX): Direct sampling of the interstellar medium[J]. Astrophys. J. Supp. Ser., 2012, 198(2):8, doi: 10.1088/0067-0049/198/2/8
    [120] Desai M I, Allegrini F, Bzowski M, et al. Energetic neutral atoms measured by the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX): evidence of multiple heliosheath population[J]. Astrophys. J., 2014, 780(1): 98-110
    [121] Heerikhuisen J, Pogorelov N V, Zank G P, et al. Pick-up ions in the heliosphere: A possible mechanism for the Interstellar Boundary Explorer ribbon[J]. Astrophys. J. Lett., 2010, 708(2):L126-L130
    [122] Schwadron N A, Allegrini F, Bzowski M, et al. Separation of the IBEX ribbon from globally distributed energetic neutral atom flux[J]. Astrophys. J., 2011, 731:56-77 doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/731/1/56.
    [123] Jokipii J R, Giacalone J, Hsieh K C, Kóta J.The structure of the IBEX ribbon: a reflection of interstellar turbulence[J]. AIP Conf. Proc., 2010, 1302:92-97
    [124] McComas D J, Lewis W S, Schwadron N A. IBEX's enigmatic Ribbon in the sky and its many possible sources[J]. Rev. Geophys., 2014, 52:118-155
    [125] Bzowski M, Kubiak M A, Möbius E, et al. Neutral interstellar helium parameters based on IBEX-Lo observations and test particle calculations[J]. Astroph. J., Suppl. Ser., 2012, 198(2):27, doi: 10.1088/0067-0049/198/2/12
    [126] Saul L, Wurz P, Rodriguez D, et al. Local interstellar neutral hydrogen sampled in-situ by IBEX[J]. Astrophys. J. Supp., 2012, 198:9, doi: 10.1088/0067-0049/198/2/14
    [127] Bochsler P, Petersen L, Möbius E, et al. Estimation of the neon/oxygen abundance ratio at the heliospheric termination shock and in the local interstellar medium from IBEX observations[J]. Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 2012, 198(2):5, doi: 10.1088/0067-0049/198/2/13
    [128] Cummings A C, Stone E C, Steenberg C D. Composition of anomalous cosmic rays and other heliosphere[J]. Astrophys. J., 2002, 578:194-210
    [129] Izmodenov V V, Lallement1 R, Geiss J.Interstellar oxygen in the heliospheric interface: Influence of electron impact ionization[J]. Astron. & Astrophys., 1999, 344:317-321
    [130] Slavin, J D, Frisch P C. The boundary conditions of the heliosphere: photoionization models constrained by interstellar and in situ data[J]. Astron. Astrophys., 2008, 491(1):53-68, doi: 10.1051/0004-6361:20078101
    [131] Glockler G, Fisk L A. Johannes Geiss' investigations of solar, heliospheric and interstellar matter[J]. Space Sci. Rev., 2007, 130:489-513
    [132] Müller H R, Zank G P. Heliospheric filtration of interstellar heavy atoms: Sensitivity to hydrogen background[J]. J. Geophys. Res., 2004, 109:A07104, doi: 10.1029/2003JA010269
    [133] Izmodenov V, Malama Y, Gloecler G, Geiss J.Filtration of interstellar H, O, N atoms through the heliospheric interface: Inferences on local interstellar abundances of the elements[J]. Astron. & Astrophys., 2004, 414(3):L29-L32
    [134] H?lond M, Bzowski M, Möbius E, et al. Precision pointing of IBEX-Lo observations[J]. Astroph. J., Suppl. Ser., 2012, 198(2):14, doi: 10.1088/0067-0049/198/2/9.
    [135] Lee M A, Kucharek H, Möbius E, et al. An analytic model of interstellar gas in the heliosphere tailored to Interstellar Boundary Explorer observations[J]. Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 2012, 198(2):13, doi: 10.1088/0067-0049/198/2/10
    [136] Möbius E, Bochsler P, Bzowski M, et al. Interstellar gas flow parameters derived from Interstellar Boundary Explorer-Lo observations in 2009——2010: Analytical analysis[J]. Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 2012, 198(2):(18pp) doi: 10.1088/0067-0049/198/2/11
    [137] McComas D J, Alexashov D, Bzowski M, et al. The heliosphere's interstellar interaction: No bow shock[J]. Science, 2012, 336:1291-1923
    [138] Gurnett D A, Kurth W S, Burlaga L F, Ness N F. In-situ observations of interstellar plasma with Voyager 1[J]. Science, 2013, 341:1489-1492, doi: 10.1126/science.1241681
    [139] Burlaga L F, Ness N F. Voyager 1 observations of the interstellar magnetic field and the transition from the heliosheath[J]. Astrophys. J., 2014, 784(8):146-159, doi:10. 1088/0004-637X/784/2/146
    [140] Pfaff R F, Borovsky J E, Young D T. Measurement techniques for space plasma: Fields and particles[J]. Geophys. Monogr. Ser., 1998, 103:235-304
    [141] Voss H D, Hertzberg E, Ghielmetti A G, et al. Medium energy ion mass and neutral atom spectrometer[J]. J. Spacecr. Rockets, 1992, 29(4):566-569
    [142] Barabash S, Norberg O, Lundin R, et al. Energetic neutral atom imager on the Swedish Microsatellite Astrid[M]//Measurement Techniques in Space Plasma Fields. Washington DC: American Geophysical Union, 1998, doi: 10.1002/9781118664391.ch32
    [143] Mitchell D G, Jaskulek S E, Schlemm C E, et al. High energy neutral atom (HENA) imager for the IMAGE mission[J]. Space Sci. Rev., 2000, 91:67-112
    [144] Pollock C J, Asamura K, Baldonado J, et al. Medium energy neutral atom (MENA) imager for the IMAGE mission[J]. Space Sci. Rev., 2000, 91:113-154
    [145] Moore T E, Chornay D J, Collier M R, et al. The low-energy neutral atom imager for IMAGE[J]. Space Sci. Rev., 2000, 91:155-195
    [146] Barabash S, Lundin R, Andersson H, et al. The analyzer of space plasmas and energetic atoms (ASPERA-3) for the Mars Express Mission[J]. Space Sci. Rev., 2006, 126(1-4):113-164
    [147] Barabash S, Sauvaud J J, Gunell H, et al. The analyzer of space plasmas and energetic atoms (ASPERA-4) for the Venus Express Mission[J]. Planet. & Space Sci., 2007, 55(12):1772-1792
    [148] Orsini S, Cerulli-Irelli P, Maggi M, et al. Imaging Earth's magnetosphere: Measuring energy, mass, and direction of energetic neutral atoms with the ISENA instrument[M]//Measurement Techniques for Space Plasma: Fields and Particles. Washington D C: American Geophysical Union, 1998:269-274
    [149] GloecklerG Hsieh K C. Time-of-flight technique for particle identification at energies from 2~400keV/nucleon[J]. Nucl. Instr. Meth. 1979 165:537-544sky P Lampton M et al. Wedge-and-strip anodes for centroid-finding position-sensitive photon and particle detectors[J]. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 198 52(7):1067-1074
    [150] Wilken B Stüdermann W. A compact time-of-flight mass spectrometer with electrostatic mirror[J]. Nucl. Meth. Instr. 1984 222:587-600
    [151] Hsieh K C Keppler E Schmidtke G. Forward photoemission from thin carbon foils[J]. Appl. Opt. 1979 18:3732-3733
    [152] Hsieh K C Keppler E Schmidtke G. Extreme ultra-violet induced forward photoemission from thin carbon foils[J]. J. Appl. Phys. 1980 51(4):2242-2246
    [153] McComas D J Allegrini F Pollock C J et al. Ultrathin (10nm) carbon foils in space instrumentation[J]. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 2004 75(11):4863-4870
    [154] Drake V A Sandel B R Jenkins D G Hsieh K C. H Lyα transmittance of thin foils of C Si/C and Al/C for keV particle detectors[J]. SPIE Techn. Conf. 1992 1744:148-160
    [155] Funsten H O McComas D J Gruntman M A. Neutral atom imaging: UV rejection techniques[M]//Measurement Techniques for Space Plasma: Fields and Particles. Washington D C: American Geophysical Union 1998:251-256
    [156] Gruntman M A Kozochkina A A Leonas V B. Multi-electron secondary emission of thin foils bombarded by accelerated atomic beam[J]. JETP Letters 1990 51(10):22-25
    [157] Shaw A Hsieh K C Hilchenbach M et al. Energetic neutral helium of heliospheric origin at 1AU[M]//COSPAR Colloquia Series-The Outer Heliosphere: The New Frontiers. Amsterdam: Pergamon 2001:219-222
    [158] Funsten H O Allegrini F Bochsler P et al. The Interstellar Boundary Explorer High Energy (IBEX-Hi) neutral atom imager[J]. Space Sci. Rev. 2009 146:75-103
    [159] Fuselier S A Bochsler P. Chornay D Clark G Crew G B Dunn G et al. The IBEX-Lo sensor[J]. Space Sci. Rev. 2009 146:117-147
    [160] McComas D J Allegrini F Bochsler P et al. IBEX-interstellar boundary explorer[J]. Space Sci. Rev. 2009 146:11-33
    [161] Witte M Rosenbauer H Keppler E et al. The interstellar neutral-gas experiment on ULYSSES[J]. Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 1992 92:333-348
    [162] Witte M Bleszynski S Banaszkiewicz M Rosenbauer M. Sputtering efficiency of LiF surfaces on impact of low energy neutral helium 20~80eV: Calibration of the interstellar neutral helium instrument on ULYSSES[J]. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 1999 70:4404-4411
    [163] Wurz P Schletti R Aellig M R. Hydrogen and oxygen negative ion production by surface ionization using diamond surfaces[J]. Surf. Sci. 1997 373:56-66
    [164] Aellig M R Wurz P Schletti R et al. Surface ionization with cesiated converters for space application[M]//Measurement Techniques in Space Plasma Fields. Washington D C: American Geophysical Union 1998:289-296
    [165] Wieser M Wurz P. Production of a 10~1000eV neutral particle beam using surface neutralization[J]. Meas. Sci. Tech. 2005 16(12):2511-2516
    [166] Möbius E Kistler L M Popecki M Crocker K Granoff M Jiang Y et al. The 3-D plasma distribution function analyzers with time-of-flight mass discrimination for CLUSTER FAST and Equator-S measurement techniques in space plasmas[M]//Measurement Techniques in Space Plasma Fields. Washington D C: American Geophysical Union 1998:243-248
    [167] Wieser M Wurz P Möbius E et al. The ion-optical propotype of the low energy neutral atoms sensor of the Interstellar Boundary Explorer Mission (IBEX)[J]. Rev. Sci. Instr. 2007 78:124502-124516
    [168] Orsini S Livi S Torkar K et al. SERENA: A suite of four instruments (ELENA STROFIO PICAM and MIPA) on board BepiColombo-MPO for particle detection in the Hermean environment[J]. Planet. Space Sci. 2010 58:166181
    [169] Milillo AOrsini S Hsieh K C et al. Observing planets and small bodies in sputtered high-energy atom (SHEA) fluxes[J]. J. Geophys. Res 2011 116:A07229 doi: 10.1029/2011JA016530
    [170] Orsini S Selci S Di Lellis A M et al. The BepiColombo Senrean/ELENA instrument: Performance and testing[C]//European Geosciences Union General Assembly. Vienna Austria: European Geosciences Union 2013
    [171] Milillo A Orsini S Plainaki C et al. Energetic neutral particles detection in the environment of Jupiter's icy moons: Ganymede's and Europa's neutral imaging experiment (GENIE)[J]. Planet. Space Sci. 2013 88:53-63
    [172] Hsieh K C Zurbuchen T H Orr J et al. A collimator design for monitoring heliospheric energetic neutral atoms at 1AU[J]. Adv Space Res. 2004 34:213-218
    [173] Lu Li S McKenna-Lawlor J Balaz et al. Technical configuration and simulation of NAIS-H for the MIT mission[J]. Chin. J. Space Sci. 2014 34(3):341-351. In Chinese (路立 McKenna-Lawlor S Balaz J 等. 中性原子成像探测的物理设计与仿真[J]. 空间科学学报 2014 34(3):341-351)
    [174] McKenna-Lawlor S Balaz J Strharsky I et al. An overview of the scientific objectives and technical configuration of the Neutral Atom Detector Unit (NUADU) for the Chinese Double Star Mission[J]. Planet. Space Sci. 2005 53(1-3):335-348
    [175] Mewaldt R A Leske R A Stone E C et al. STEREO observations of energetic neutral hydrogen atoms during the 2006 December 5 solar flare[J]. Astrophys. J. Lett. 2009 693: L11-L15
    [176] Mewaldt R A Cohen C M S Cook R W et al. The Low-Energy Telescope (LET) and SEP central electronics for the STEREO mission[J]. Space Sci. Rev. 2008 136:285-362
    [177] Hsieh K C Shih K L McComas D J et al. Forecasting the arrival of fast coronal mass ejecta at Earth by the detection of 2~20keV neutral atoms[C]//Proceeding SPIE International Symposium on Optical Applied Science and Engineering. San Diego: SPIE 1992:72-78
    [178] Gruntman M A Hsieh K C. Neutral solar wind properties: Advance warning of major geomagnetic storms[J]. J.Geophys. Res. 1994 99(A10):19213-19227
    [179] Hsieh K C Frisch P C Giacalone J et al. A re-inter-pretation of the STEREO/STE observations and its consequences[J]. Astrophys. J. Lett. 2009 694:L79-L82
    [180] Collier M R Moore T M Simpson D et al. An unexplained 10~4° shift in the location of some diverse neutral atom data at 1 AU[J]. Adv. Space Sci. 2004 34:199-171
    [181] Galli A Wurz P Barabash S et al. Direct measurement of energetic neutral hydrogen in the interplanetary medium[J]. Astrophys. J. 2006 644(2):1317-1325
    [182] Brandt J C Hunten D M. One ejection of neutral hydrogen from the Sun and the terrestrial consequences[J]. Planet. Space Sci. 1966 14:95-105
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1340
  • HTML全文浏览量:  8
  • PDF下载量:  1169
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-12-19
  • 修回日期:  2015-03-11
  • 刊出日期:  2015-05-15

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回