Volume 38 Issue 2
Mar.  2018
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YAO Zhigang, HONG Jun, HAN Zhigang, ZHAO Zengliang. Numerical Simulation of Typhoon-generated Gravity Waves Observed by Satellite and its Direct Validationormalsize[J]. Chinese Journal of Space Science, 2018, 38(2): 188-200. doi: 10.11728/cjss2018.02.188
Citation: YAO Zhigang, HONG Jun, HAN Zhigang, ZHAO Zengliang. Numerical Simulation of Typhoon-generated Gravity Waves Observed by Satellite and its Direct Validationormalsize[J]. Chinese Journal of Space Science, 2018, 38(2): 188-200. doi: 10.11728/cjss2018.02.188

Numerical Simulation of Typhoon-generated Gravity Waves Observed by Satellite and its Direct Validationormalsize

doi: 10.11728/cjss2018.02.188
  • Received Date: 2017-01-08
  • Rev Recd Date: 2017-06-25
  • Publish Date: 2018-03-15
  • To analyze the stratospheric gravity waves induced by strong convection, Typhoon Soulik is investigated by the mesoscale model WRF-ARW (3.5 Version), ECMWF and AIRS observations. The WRF model results show that strong stratospheric gravity waves are induced by Typhoon Soulik, and the background wind plays a great role in modulation of the gravity waves propagation. The wave spectrum analysis reveals that the horizontal wavelength is about 500km, the period is about 3~5h, and the vertical wavelengths are gradually stretched with height about 10~14km, 14~18km and 22~26km in the height of 20km, 30km and 40km. The momentum flux and wave drag are also analyzed. At last, the direct comparison of WRF, ECMWF and AIRS observations based on a radiative transfer model indicates that the stratospheric semicircular arc wave pattern, position and horizontal scale agree well. But there are also some differences among these data. The AIRS can detect more details than WRF and ECMWF data. The order of wave intensity is AIRS, WRF and ECMWF.


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