Volume 40 Issue 3
May  2020
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U Han, CHEN Tao, LI Renkang, HE Zhaohai, ZHANG Huawei, LUO Jing, LUO Fushan, WANG Naiquan, DONG Wei. Characteristics of the Near-surface Atmospheric Electric Field over the Top of a Flat Mountain in Xilin Hot Volcano Geopark[J]. Journal of Space Science, 2020, 40(3): 357-363. doi: 10.11728/cjss2020.03.357
Citation: U Han, CHEN Tao, LI Renkang, HE Zhaohai, ZHANG Huawei, LUO Jing, LUO Fushan, WANG Naiquan, DONG Wei. Characteristics of the Near-surface Atmospheric Electric Field over the Top of a Flat Mountain in Xilin Hot Volcano Geopark[J]. Journal of Space Science, 2020, 40(3): 357-363. doi: 10.11728/cjss2020.03.357

Characteristics of the Near-surface Atmospheric Electric Field over the Top of a Flat Mountain in Xilin Hot Volcano Geopark

doi: 10.11728/cjss2020.03.357
  • Received Date: 2019-05-20
  • Rev Recd Date: 2020-02-06
  • Publish Date: 2020-05-15
  • The intensity of the atmospheric electric field is an important parameter of atmospheric electricity. Accurate measurements of the atmospheric electric field are important for the monitoring and warning of thunderstorms and earthquakes. In this paper, the electric field data obtained by a balloon experiment of measuring the near-surface atmospheric electric field on 27 August 2015 is used to study the distribution of the atmospheric electric field with height within 500m near the Earth surface. The results show that fair-weather atmospheric electric field value over the top of a flat mountain rises exponentially with height. Both the values and range of the atmospheric electric field are large, especially within the height of 100m, and the value can reach 1kV·m-1 or more. In addition, the empirical formula is used to derive the atmospheric conductivity near the surface of the Earth. Influenced by heavy ions in the air, the conductivity is much smaller than the average of global atmospheric conductivity. The results of this experiment not only enrich the observations of the atmospheric electric field under special terrain condition, but also reveal the distribution of electric field with height in the near-surface atmosphere of an extinct volcano in Xilin Hot, Inner Mongolia Area, China.

     

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