Volume 40 Issue 6
Nov.  2020
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XIA Shengfu, CHEN Junyu, LEI Xiangxu, SANG Jizhang. Research on Image Simulation for Space-based Space Debris Surveillance[J]. Journal of Space Science, 2020, 40(6): 1084-1090. doi: 10.11728/cjss2020.06.1084
Citation: XIA Shengfu, CHEN Junyu, LEI Xiangxu, SANG Jizhang. Research on Image Simulation for Space-based Space Debris Surveillance[J]. Journal of Space Science, 2020, 40(6): 1084-1090. doi: 10.11728/cjss2020.06.1084

Research on Image Simulation for Space-based Space Debris Surveillance

doi: 10.11728/cjss2020.06.1084
  • Received Date: 2019-08-12
  • Rev Recd Date: 2020-01-31
  • Publish Date: 2020-11-15
  • Space-Based Space Surveillance (SBSS) is an effective mean to complement ground-based system which results in better spatial and temporal coverage. However, the lack of SBSS tracking data has caused inconvenience to the development and validation of the system, algorithm and software. For this, simulation software for generating SBSS images has been developed. In this paper, based on the characteristics of SBSS images, the research of fundamental algorithms is conducted, the simulation process is designed, the example images are given, and the results are analyzed. The instantaneous inertial coordinate system is used in the software system to obtain the high-precision simulation image which conforms to the actual SBSS scenarios. Based on Tycho2 catalog, a fast catalog query method based on the index file was proposed to generate background stars. Simulated observations are generated based on multiple TLE datasets. Finally, we present some examples and analyze the trajectory characteristics of space debris and stars in the images. The simulation results show that the simulation system can obtain more realistic space-based optical images for space debris under different observation conditions and loads, which take accuracy and timeliness into account.


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