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Chinese Journal of Space Science ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (4): 453-460.doi: 10.11728/cjss2015.04.453

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Gravity Wave Parameters and Their Seasonal Variations Derived from Na LidarObservations at Beijing

Zou Xu1,2, Yang Guotao1, Wang Jihong1, Gong Shaohua2, Cheng Xuewu3, Jiao Jing1, Yue Chuan1, Fu Haichuan2, Wang Zishuo2, Yang Song2, Yang Xianchang2, Fu Jun2   

  1. 1. Center for Space Science and Applied Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190;
    2. College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Hainan Normal University, Haikou 571158;
    3. Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071
  • Received:2014-05-23 Revised:2015-05-21 Online:2015-06-15 Published:2015-06-30

Abstract:

The nightly and seasonal variability of gravity wave activity and spectra in the mesopause over Beijing are studied with 3 years of sodium lidar observations. From the linear layer density response to gravity wave forcing, the lidar data were analyzed to get the atmospheric density perturbations and their spectra. The atmospheric density perturbation, density variance for fluctuations with vertical scales between 2 and 10 km, and amplitudes of density perturbation spectra at m = 2π/8, 2π/4, m = 2π/1.5, m = 2π/1, and ω = 2π/60, ω = 2π/40, 2π/25 all exhibit large nightly variability as well as large seasonal variations, with the semiannual maxima occurring near the solstice. The mean RMS atmospheric density perturbation over Beijing are 5.8%, which are obviously larger in summer than that in winter and the maxima occur near the solstice. The m spectra show power law shapes, and their range of variation is between -1.97 and -3.67 with an annual mean value of -3.02, and ω spectra is between -1.06 and -2.08 with an annual mean value of -1.92, respectively. It is concluded that the reaction of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the background wind may be the main reason of the gravity wave behaviors at Beijing.

Key words: Lidar, Na layer, Gravity wave, Seasonal variations, Topography of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and convection

CLC Number: