2021 Vol. 41, No. 1

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Recent Advances and Prospect in Space Physics
WANG Chi, DOU Xiankang, GONG Jiancun, FU Suiyan, ZHANG Shaodong, ZHANG Xiaomin, CAO Jinbin, YANG Huigen, WU Jian, WANG Jinsong, XIA Lidong, DENG Xiaohua, XIAO Fuliang, FANG Hanxian
2021, 41(1): 1-9. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.01.001
Space physics is a rapid-developing cross-disciplinary subject after entering space age, especially it has got great achievements in the new century. This paper will briefly present the important advances and scientific results, analyze the development trends, and suggest future key directions.
Review of the 40-year Development of China's Space Exploration
GU Yidong, WU Ji, CHEN Hu, FAN Bin, JIAO Weixin, LIU Jianbo, MENG Xin, XIAO Guoqing, YUAN Hong, YUAN Li, ZHANG Xiaomin, ZHANG Xiaoxin, ZHAO Guangheng, ZHOU Xubin, ZHU Zhencai
2021, 41(1): 10-21. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.01.010
The 40 years after Chinese Society of Space Research was founded in 1980, is a period when Chinese space exploration gradually walks onto the world stage, with space science and related disciplines developed, and its applications in economic, military section and people's daily life. The article reviews the course of Chinese space exploration that dates back to the year 1980 when the society's space exploration committee was founded, covering the main programs, their progress and output of sounding rockets, science balloons, lunar and planetary exploration, human space exploration, remote sensing ground stations, and concludes in looking to the near future.
Development and Prospect of Hyperspectral Imager and Its Application
WANG Jianyu, LI Chunlai
2021, 41(1): 22-33. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.01.022
Surface morphology and target characteristics are two important problems in remote sensing. Surface morphology is a geometric problem and the aim of photogrammetry. Target characteristics are not only a physical and chemical problem, but also an important problem to be solved in the development of hyperspectral remote sensing. After decades of development, hyperspectral remote sensing technology has made great progress, from data acquisition, processing to application. As a new and young technology involving multiple disciplines, hyperspectral remote sensing development is a demand-oriented process in which the demand is constantly explored. Especially, the hyperspectral imager is the only tool to obtain hyperspectral data, and its development is very important for the development of hyperspectral remote sensing. In the paper, the feature and application of different types of hyperspectral imagers are analyzed, and some conclusions of hyperspectral imagers in recent 40 years are obtained. Combined with the current development status of hyperspectral imager, the future development trend of hyperspectral imager, especially the development of key indices and technology, is prospected to provide some ideas for the follow-up research in this field, and also to provide a reference for the related remote sensing satellite missions.
Retrospect and Perspective on Microgravity Science in China
ZHAO Jianfu, WANG Shuangfeng, LIU Qiang, HE Zhenhui, ZHANG Wei, LI Kai, ZHOU Zebing, LUO Xinghong, MIAO Jianyin, ZHENG Huiqiong, KANG Qi, CAI Weiming
2021, 41(1): 34-45. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.01.034
The major objective of microgravity science is to study the movement laws of substances in microgravity, as well as to reveal the influence of gravity on the movement of materials in different gravity environments. China's microgravity research started in the 1960s and really rose in the middle and late 1980s. After years of efforts, it has begun to take shape, and has obvious characteristics and advantages in some important directions. In this paper, the early history of China's microgravity science is briefly reviewed. The emphases are put on the recent progress and the latest achievements of microgravity science and application researches in China carried out mainly by using the national space platforms, such as SJ-10 scientific experiment satellite, TG-2 space lab, and so on. Finally, the vision of China's microgravity science in the coming era of China Space Station (CSS) is prospected, so as to promote the rapid and sustainable development of microgravity science and application researches in China, for better serving the country and benefiting mankind.
Recent Review and Prospect of Space Life Science in China for 40 Years
LI Yinghui, SUN Yeqing, ZHENG Huiqiong, SHANG Peng, QU Lina, LEI Xiaohua, LIU Hong, LIU Min, HE Rongqiao, LONG Mian, SUN Xiqing, WANG Junfeng, ZHOU Guangming, SUN Lianwen
2021, 41(1): 46-67. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.01.046
The exploration of space life science in China originated in the 1960s. With the formal establishment of the professional committee in 1981, space life science has entered a new stage of multi-disciplinary development and multi-institution construction based on the academic exchange platform of this specialty. With the further development of China's manned spaceflight and space exploration research, a series of key achievements have been made in several important fields of space life science, led by sub-disciplines or major problems. In this paper, the development history and landmark achievements of space life science in China for 40 years will be summarized from the aspects of development history, research results, platform model, major projects and international cooperation and follow-up prospects, in order to provide reference and valuable information for subsequent development.
Progress of China's Lunar Exploration (2011-2020)
LI Chunlai, LIU Jianjun, ZUO Wei, SU Yan, OUYANG Ziyuan
2021, 41(1): 68-75. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.01.068
The progress of China's lunar exploration in the past 10 years from 2011 to 2020 was reviewed. The implementation of the Chang'E-3 and Chang'E-4 missions as well as the major scientific achievements were highlighted. The future development of China's lunar and planetary exploration has prospected.
40 Years of Space Solar Physics in China
GAN Weiqun, CHANG Jin, MA Yuqian
2021, 41(1): 76-83. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.01.076
The 40 years anniversary of Chinese Society of Space Research is also the 40 years anniversary of Chinese Space Solar Physics. We briefly summarize the hard development of space solar physics in the past 40 years from around 1980 to 2020, including all the projects and every major effort, in spite of realized or unrealized ones. The prospection in the near future is also made.
40 Years of Space Astronomy in China
WU Bobing, MA Yuqian, ZHANG Shuangnan, CHANG Jin
2021, 41(1): 84-94. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.01.084
In the past 40 years, China's space astronomy has achieved tremendous development. Especially in the past 10 years, several astronomical satellites have been launched, and several astronomical satellites will be launched in the next few years. In this paper, firstly the history of international space astronomy is briefly reviewed, then the development of space astronomy in China over the past 40 years is reviewed and summarized, including the first astronomical satellite plan in the 1970s, balloon-borne space astronomical exploration, space astronomy experiments based on Chinese manned space program and astronomical satellites. China's space astronomy missions are also briefly introduced, and space astronomy in China in the next 10 years is prospected.
Developments and Future Strategies of Earth Science from Space in China
SHI Jiancheng, GUO Huadong, DONG Xiaolong, LIANG Shunlin, CHEN Jingming, GONG Peng, YANG Xiaofeng, CHENG Jie, LIN Mingsen, ZHANG Peng, ZHANG Wei, JU Weimin, LIU Yi, LI Zengyuan, ZHAO Tianjie
2021, 41(1): 95-117. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.01.095
The Earth Science from Space is a comprehensive interdisciplinary science to study the interaction, process and evolution of different spheres in the Earth system based on the information observed from the satellite observations. In order to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the establishment of the Chinese Society of Space Research, this paper will systematically review the achievements of the Earth Science from Space in China, the current challenges, and put forward suggestions for future developments.
Progress and Enlightenment of Intelligent On-orbit Operation of International Space Station
ZHANG Zexu, LI Ruixue
2021, 41(1): 118-128. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.01.118
The mission of a space station that is known as the big platform of near-earth space is to enable long-term flight to explore space. As the ever-increasing number of on-orbit missions, it is a challenge to manage an effective on-orbit project. With the deep integration of artificial intelligence and space technology, the on-orbit operation of a space station has gradually developed to be intelligent. Therefore, the intelligent operation of spacecraft has become an inevitable trend. This paper focuses on the development of on-orbit intellectualization at the International Space Station (ISS) and the application of artificial intelligence technology in its health management, mission planning and scheduling, mission operation and human-computer interaction. It is hoped that the research will contribute to the intelligent on-orbit operation in China.
A Potential Biomarker Phosphate for Life Exploration on Mars
ZHAO Yufen, LIU Yan, HUANG Biling, GAO Xinchang
2021, 41(1): 129-132. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.01.129
The exploration for extraterrestrial life is one of the most important targets of deep space exploration. The successful launch of China's first Mars probe “Tianwen-1” has started the scientific exploration about the surface morphology and life signs of Mars. As the most similar planet to the earth in the solar system, Mars brings human being endless reverie. Is there life on Mars? Can human beings immigrate to Mars in the future? Phosphorus, one of the important elements for life, plays an irreplaceable role in the whole evolution of life. Phosphate can be used as a potential biomarker to provide new ideas and clues for life exploration on Mars.
Research Progress of a Switch Gene in Response to Extreme Ionizing Radiation
LU Huizhi, HUA Yuejin
2021, 41(1): 133-140. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.01.133
Ionizing radiation exists widely in Earth and space, causing DNA damage and leading to mutation and even cell death. DNA damage response is essential for maintaining the integrity of genome. Deinococcus radiodurans is one of the model organisms for studying DNA damage repair due to its extraordinary DNA repair ability. PprI-DdrO system is a distinct and efficient damage response pathway in Deinococcus, in which PprI acts as an important switch regulating DNA damage response genes by cleavage of DdrO. This review discusses the research progresses of PprI from aspects of function, structure, activation mechanisms and applications.
Mirror-image Biological Molecules
2021, 41(1): 141-144. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.01.141
The homochirality of biological molecules is a hallmark of all terrestrial life. Whether life's dependence on D-ribose nucleic acids and L-amino acids was required for the origins of life, or merely a chance event on prebiotic Earth remains unclear. Despite the challenges in elucidating the cause for homochirality, accumulating evidence suggests the possibility of synthesizing mirror-image life based on L-ribose nucleic acids and D-amino acids. Here we briefly summarize the recent findings in mirror-image biology and discuss the prospects of building mirror-image life in the laboratory using newly developed mirror-image molecular tools.
Time in Space:Advances in the Study of Circadian Rhythms under Microgravity
GUO Jinhu, GAN Xihui, MA Huan
2021, 41(1): 145-157. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.01.145
Circadian clocks, derived from long-term evolution, are endogenous mechanisms which endow the organisms to adapt to the daily cycling environment on Earth. At the molecular level, circadian clocks are controlled by a series of clock genes and other clock associated regulators. At the tissue level, circadian systems are composed of master and peripheral clocks. Circadian clocks affect physiology, cognition and behavior of almost all organisms, which dictate their adaptability to the environment. Space environmental factors, e.g., microgravity, radiation, lighting condition and social factors, dramatically differ from those on the Earth, which may lead to impacts on circadian rhythms. Therefore, circadian clock needs to be considered in the study of space life sciences. Misalignment in circadian rhythms leads to sleep disorder and affects the skeleton-muscular system, neural system, cardio-vascular system, endocrine system, and so on, and decreases the performance of astronauts. Circadian clock will be a critical factor in future space life research and in study of astronaut health and performance.
Molecular Simulation Research on Metabolic Origin and Evolution
RUAN Yao, TIAN Tian, JIANG Yingying, QIN Tao, CHU Xinyi, ZHANG Hongyu
2021, 41(1): 158-166. doi: 10.11728/cjss2021.01.158
Metabolism provides the material and energy basis for life and played important roles in the origin and evolution of life. However, due to the lack of fossil evidence, significant issues such as the origin of metabolism and the molecular mechanisms of metabolism affecting evolution have yet to be resolved. In recent years, the emergence of molecular simulation methods such as network expansion algorithms provides new solutions to the above issues. This article will review recent molecular simulation studies on the origin and evolution of metabolism, with a view to providing new ideas for research in related fields.
2021, 41(1): 167-169.
2021, 41(1): 170-174.